Acne can make life troublesome. Lets take a look at the causes, signs and treatment of acne.
Acne is a skin condition that most youngsters experience during puberty.
It is brought about by irritation of the little oil organs (sebaceous organs) that encompass the fine hairs on the face and mid-section.
The seriousness of acne and regularity achieves its peak between the ages of 17 to 19. For the vast majority, this skin inflammation disorder has a tendency to leave when they are in their mid-20s; be that as it may, a few individuals might keep on having the disorder up until their 40s.
Hormonal changes due to pregnancy or menstruation can also trigger acne. Other factors may include environmental allergens like pollutants, temperature.
What are the causes?
During periods of puberty, the creation of male sex hormones (androgens) increases in both young girls and boys. The production of said hormones stimulates the sebaceous glands to create more sebum. In a some individuals, the sebaceous organs are to a great degree sensitive to androgens. These individuals, and for the most part men, get acne that is so extreme that they require medical treatment.
This increase in the production of sebum makes the openings of the sebaceous glands smaller or narrower, which obstructs the sebum from getting out. In the mean time, the sebum generation proceeds proceeds despite the fact.
Pimples are frequently created by propionebacterium acnes, a typically common bacterium on the skin that feasts on sebum. This bacterium produces waste byproducts and some fatty acids that cause the irritation and inflammation of sebaceous glands.
Things that can make acne worse?
- Working in a clammy, damp conditions
- Exposure to certain types of oils and chemicals with oil, oil and different chemicals.
- Squeezing/picking pimples.
- Menstrual periods.
- Reactions to certain medicines.
- There is some evidence now that show that dairy products can increase acne symptoms.
Steps you can take to control acne?
- Wash your face twice every day with a gentle ingredients based cleanser especially when your skin becomes oily and damp. Avoid scrubbing your acne as this might trigger a reaction and spreads to other areas.
- Ensure you hair style avoids touching your face and keep your hair clean at all times
- Do not pop, squeeze or pick at the pimples. This almost always aggravates the condition and might bring about scarring.
- Avoid excessive weather conditions where you can.
- Use a water-based cream. Oily creams and makeup products blocks pores and might increase chances of breakouts.
- If you see that spots increment after you eat certain things, it bodes well to keep away from them.
- Adopt a well balanced diet, drink loads of water and regularly exersise. When you feel great, your skin will feel great as well
- Remove all make-up before going to bed.
- Apply some over the counter medicine form your local pharmacy.
When its time to consult a doctor?
- If over-the-counter prescriptions don’t within the time stated on the packaging.
- If acne is causing you mental distress that can potentially lead to depression.
- If the skin inflammation causes scars.
- If you have you have hyperpigmenation where the pimples used to be.
The kind of treatments?
Relative to the seriousness of your acne, your specialist might treat you or advise you to seek specialised care from a dermatologist. Acne can be treated with topical or oral medications. Factors the treatments will try to address are:
- Improved production of sebum
- A narrowing of the sebaceous glands
- Reducing the bacteria that causes acne.
You can proceed with the home-treatment portrayed above while you are being dealt with restoratively. Keep in mind that it takes six to eight weeks before the impact of the treatment can be seen. Treatment will commonly need to proceed until the patient achieves their 20s.
Topical treatments (applied direct to the skin)
A treatment with azelaic acid or benzoyl peroxide will for the most part be adequate for the treatment of general acne symptoms. Other times a doctor or demartologist might prescribe combining benzoyl peroxide with other topical anti-biotic agents like, erythromycin, or clindamycin, or treat the breakouts with a topical anti-biotic alone like, clindamycin or erythromycin.
The doctor or dermatologist might recommend a vitamin a contained product. Products that contain adapalene are targeted for individuals with clogged pores, blackheads, whiteheads and mild skin inflammation, or a combination of adapalene and benzoyl peroxide. Pregnant women must not use adapalene, as vitamin a can harm unborn infants.
It is important to note that all acne products have the potential to irritate the skin. In the event that your skin gets red and sore, decrease the frequency of which you apply the product on you skin as directed on the packaging or by your doctor/demartologist.
Systemic treatment (taken by mouth)
Mature women with serious acne might profit by treatment with contraceptive pills that contains anti androgens.
For individuals with serious provocative acne, a long-term approach treatment with oral anti-biotics like, lymecycline, tetracycline or erythromycin, in combination with one of the prescriptions specified above might be useful.
Tetracycline anti-biotic agents are not given to pregnant women; or women who are breastfeeding; or children that are under the ages of 12 years old, as it known to causes discolouration of their teeth in adult life.
Those with extreme cystic acne that does not improve with different prespcibed medication, oral isotretinoin might be required.
Isotretinoin is not suitable for individuals with liver or kidney related diseases. The medication is known to produce server side affects which is the reason why it must be prescribed by a doctor or dermatologist. Nevertheless it has an extremely high success rate in treating the more severe cases of acne.