As we get older our skin gradually loses its elasticity and thins out. This is all a part of the skin’s ageing process.
However, there are numerous factors that can accelerate the rate at which the skin ages.
Called premature skin ageing, it is a result of what is known as free radical activity in the body.
Free radicals are molecules are produced by factors such as exposures to tobacco smoke and radiation from the sun and other sources of UV rays. They are also produced when the body breaks down food.
Antioxidants are substances that occur naturally and that may provide protection against the damaging effects of free radicals in the cells in your body, including your skin.
Here is a list of antioxidants to look for when buying your skin care product:
Vitamin E is present in the skin and also found in various foods. Foods such as vegetables and seeds contain Vitamin E antioxidants. This Vitamin helps the skin to look younger by boosting the collagen production and also reducing the visible appearance of age spots, wrinkles and fine lines.
Vitamin E is available in 2 forms:
- Alpha-tocopherol acetate.
Lycopene, is a carotenoid found in vegetables and red fruits and is a powerful antioxidant. it is a great for improving the skin’s texture because it promotes the production of collagen and it reduces the DNA damage that is known to lead to wrinkles. To get the most benefit from using this antioxidant you can either take it orally as a daily supplement or you can look for skin care products that contain it in their formulations.
The antioxidant resveratrol is commonly found in grapes, red wine, nuts, fruits. When applied topically, resveratrol protects against UVB-mediated cutaneous damage and also inhibits UVB-mediated oxidative stress.
Grape seed is rich in proanthocyanidins, which belongs to the flavonoid type family. Proanthocyanidins are a strong free radical scavenging and potent antioxidants. (15) Compared to vitamins C and E, Grape seed extract has been proven to be a stronger scavenger of free radicals
Niacinamide or vitamin B3 is a powerful antioxidant that has been shown to exhibit depigmenting and anti-inflammatory properties. It also improves the tone and texture of the skin. It has also been shown to reduce wrinkles, fine lines and hyperpigmentation.
Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid can only come from the healthy vegetables and fruits that contain it. Vitamin C works in two ways:
- As an antioxidant, as well
- As a booster of collagen formation
both of these are important in preserving and maintaining the skin’s youthful appearance.